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Basic Eye Tests, An Eye Exam – A Detailed Overview

kiarawaylen September 23, 2022

How much you are enjoying your daily activity, from reading, and driving to surfing the internet and the unlimited things that you can see from your eyes, depends on your eyesight. This is the reason why eyesight plays an essential role in your life. So, it would be best to protect your eye’s health by checking their condition and having the required treatments regularly.

The goal of protecting eye health is achieved by getting involved in regular eye exam appointments at the eye specialist’s clinic. You can expect to undergo various basic eye tests at an eye appointment. 

This article brings the details on the bare eye tests that you should know to expect to happen at the optometrist’s office. 

Visual Acuity Test:

These are the basic eye tests you think of when making the picture yourself at the eye doctor. Reading the letters from the sign placed at a specific distance away, using one eye at a time during the process, falls under the visual acuity test.

In a visual acuity test, your appointed optometrist uses these responses to determine whether the level of your eye vision is accurate or not. 

Refraction Test:

Refraction tests are scheduled to determine the eyeglass prescription. During this eye vision test, you must look at the eye chart on the opposite wall. In these eye tests, you can see the series of lens pairs. By showing all the lenses one by one the doctor will ask you to choose the eye lens choice that provides you with the clearest vision.

You can check the visualization by wearing all the lenses one by one during the process so you must choose the best one through which you can see clearly. Your response will help the eye expert assess whether your eye suffers from far-sightedness, near-sightedness, or astigmatism. A refraction test may also identify whether you need corrective lenses for your prescription glasses or contacts.

Peripheral Visual Field Test:

Usually, people tend to focus on where the eyes are directly looking, but there are also other objects at the side of the eye’s vision. This viewing area is known as peripheral vision. 

The peripheral visual field test evaluates peripheral vision. The peripheral visual field test is categorized into various types, including

Automated Perimetry:

In this test, you investigate the machine and focus on the center spot. After that, you must press the button when you see the light flash in your peripheral vision.

Eye Tests

Eye Tests

Tangent Screen Exam:

In this treatment, you should keep your attention on the target in the middle of the screen. The eye doctor will bring the item into your view parameter and then move it out of view, and you will be asked to identify when you can see it for the first time and when it disappears from your range of vision. 


A retinoscopy permits the eye specialist to estimate the optimal lens prescription. In these eye tests, must position your eyes through the phoropter, and the optometrist flips the different lenses in front of your eyes. Then they shine the light into your eyes and determine how the light affects your eye with the different lenses. 

Keratometry Test:

These eye tests measure the curve, and the shape of the outside of the eye called the cornea. The shape of the cornea affects how much light is perceived and reflected the light. People with the cornea later result from a condition known as astigmatism. 

So, the eye specialist uses the keratometry test to detect astigmatism conditions. During this test, you are gazing into the machine. And then, the doctor adjusts this machine to align with your eye.  

Intraocular Pressure Measurement:

In this eye test, special instruments have been used that touch your eyes to measure the pressure of your eye. The intraocular pressure measurement measures the pressure and the force that is created by the fluid in your eyes. Your eye doctor may proceed with the manual intraocular pressure measurements to determine a more precise reading.


Here we have provided the details about the primary eye tests that make it clear that the eye exam and practices are simple, clear, and painless. It is suggested to make regular visits to the local eye doctor, so your eye can get a critical test if required. 

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