Carrot Farming is one of the root crops cultivated throughout the world for its edible roots. Carrot farming season time is summer, spring and autumn in temperate countries and during winter in subtropical and tropical regions.
Rotary Cultivator is necessary for Carrot farming. This Carrot root vegetable is used for curries and soups, such as in the salad; we use the graded roots, tender roots as pickles, and Carrot halwa. A rich source of carotene is Carrot juice and used for other food particles and colouring buffers. We are using the carrot tops for extraction of leaf protein, poultry feed and fodder etc.
Carrots have several medicinal properties and are primarily using in Ayurvedic medicine. Carrots contain a rich source of b-carotene and provide riboflavin and thiamine in the best amount.
The second most popular vegetable farming in the world is carrot farming after potato. In India, carrot growing states are Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Carrot Farming- Soil Requirement
Carrot farming requires a wide variety of soils. Although, ideal soil for commercial carrot farming should be deep, loose, rich in humus and well-drained. Sufficient quantities of hummus with Loamy or sandy loam soils are the best suited to the carrots cultivations.
5.5-6.5 is a good yield that obtains the ideal PH range. However, Acidic and alkaline soil is unsuitable for Carrot farming.
Carrot Farming- Climate Requirement
Cold- weather crop is a carrot, and it accomplishes well in warm climates. They are getting excellent growth with optimum temperatures between 16 to 20 °C while above temperatures from 28 °C acutely reduce top growth. When we use the 16 °C Temperatures lower, it affects the development of colour in Cauliflower farming and the outcome in long slender roots. On the other hand, higher temperatures produce thicker and shorter roots.
For the best result in attractive roots with superb red colour and quantity, retain the temperatures between 15 and 20 °C.
Propagation of Carrot Farming
There is a seed rate of 5 to 6 kg /ha with the carrot seeds sowing or broadcasting in the field. It can be up to 9 kg/ha. It depends upon the carrot variety—approximately 800 per gram, which is small seeds. Nearly three years later, they remain viable and germinate up to 85%.
The seeds are tiny, approx 800 per gram. It remains viable for nearly three years and up to 85% germination. However, some local varieties of germination may go far. Consequently, ascertaining the germination percentage is necessary when calculating the seed requirement. Seeds take some time for complete germination, approximately 7-21 days. It is also essential for the best outcomes to be healthy, to procure clean, viable seeds from reliable sources.
The excellent germination occurs at 20-30°C. Therefore, carrot cultivation is best in September in India.
Planting for Carrot Farming
For Planting the carrot, prepare the chart for using the soil to get the desired yield. Therefore the field offers a friable, loose, well-drained and
deep seed to germinate. It is achieved by repeated deep ploughing at least 20- 30 cm deep followed by cleaning, levelling, harrowing etc.
To obtain the desired seedbed condition should be removed the remaining previous crops or all old debris. Excellent preparing the seedbed since the seeds are very small and delicate. Before the sowing should prepare the convenient size beds, the seeds are either drilled, dibbled or broadcast by hand and mixed with ash, sand or fine soi to facilitate sowing—seed sowing either in a flatbed or in a flatbed ridge.
In any case, a shallow furrow comes 30-45 cm in length. It sows with 7.5-10 cm spacing when the seeds are dibbled. Apart from this, per hectare, 4-6 kg of seed requires in carrot farming. After that, soil or sand is lightly covered with seeds. Some growers irrigate the field for 24 hours before sowing to ensure that adequate moisture is present at the time of sowing. Then, about 10 to 15 days, the varieties germinate.
Carrot Farming – Fertilization Management
Fertilizer Recommendations should be based on soil analyses. At the time of the last ploughing, manure is applied at the rate of 30 tonnes per hectare and 40 to 60 kg nitrogen, 25 to 50 kg phosphorus and 90 to 110 kg potassium per hectare are recommended. At the time of land preparation, 2-3 tons of farmyard manure along with 40 kg phosphorus, 50 kg potash per hectare and 50 kg nitrogen.
Before sowing, a total dose of potassium and phosphorus and half the dose of nitrogen should apply. After germination of 56 weeks, remaining nitrogen should give.
A heavy potassium feeder is a carrot. Potassium deficiency reflects the quality of the roots and disturbs the overall metabolism of the plant. In addition, potassium-deficient roots are less sweet, and the flesh does not have the desired lustre.
Irrigation For Carrot Farming
After sowing, the first irrigation should be light and accomplished immediately. After that, irrigation is given as needed. When the time is too much moisture causes short carrot with light colour and a large diameter. The irrigation depends on the type of soil, season and variety.
Every 4 to5 days in summer for one irrigation and 10 to 15 days in winter gives ample moisture for crops.
Only occasional irrigation is needed during the rainy season. Usually, avoiding the water stress during root development prevents cracking of the roots.
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