Transport and Logistics
Common careers within the transport and logistic industry include logistics manager, logistics consultant, information systems analyst, procurement manager, and supply chain manager. The industry also includes secondary roles related to engineering, business administration, statistics, and information technology. Transport and logistics involve the movement of materials and products from point A to point B. Logistics departments monitor the transportation of materials, while supply chains provide the tools, facilities, and labor to create a transportation network. Within supply chains, there are five different categories: manufacturing, distribution, transportation, modular manufacturing, and industrial supplies.
Production refers to the manufacturing processes involved in creating a product or completing a process. Modular manufacturing involves the creation of individual parts or assemblies that are then combined to complete a large product. Transportation relates to the movement of materials and products across an assembly or distribution line. In supply chains, transportation is associated with distribution. When manufacturers have multiple locations, logistics performance is defined as the entire transportation network, including trucking, rail, air, and freight.
Border management refers to the control of international land and maritime borders. It requires efficient customs procedures, adequate infrastructure, and accurate information exchange. National barriers contribute to transportation time and costs, as well as creating legal obstacles for trade connectivity. Border management also encompasses the prevention of illegal entrants and re-entry. Re-entry refers to the illegal crossing of the border into the US.
Warehousing refers to the storing, sorting, and moving of goods across the supply chain. It usually includes the truckload, pallet, or large truck delivery. Freight shipping is the most efficient way to move goods across borders and to other countries. It typically involves trucking loads of freight between destinations.
Supply chain management is a process in which the operations of a company or organization are characterized by stages: production, sales, distribution, and customer service. At each stage, one or more entities are engaged. These entities are suppliers, manufacturers, companies that ship goods, brokers, agents, etc. In a supply chain, logistics performance is measured based on time, price, and quality.
Managing the movement of materials
Logistics operations, as defined by the US Department of Transportation (USDOT), comprise the activities of managing the movement of materials, goods, and services. To be categorized as a transport manager, one must meet the following criteria: He or she should know principles, policies, rules, strategies, and standards related to the movement of goods and services. The person should also be able to coordinate between all of the parties involved. The person should understand the interaction of all these entities within the organization.
A successful transport manager should be able to identify problems, failures, and bottlenecks in the supply chain. He or she should be able to make recommendations for solutions and improvements, both on the internal operations of the transport and logistics industry, as well as for solutions to external customers. One can become a successful logistics manager through a diploma program at a university or training and experience.
Several logistics education and training institutions offer specialized courses and programs specifically meant for people who want to make a career in the transport and logistics industry. Linfox is one such institution that offers courses in international business, management and security, global supply chains, shipping and commerce, transportation, law and regulation, healthcare, and energy.
Those individuals who aspire to join the field of logistics must first complete the associate degree course in transport and logistics level 2. Once the individual has satisfactorily completed his or her level 2 studies, he or she can look forward to taking up courses in core subjects like accounting, management, economics, computer science, environmental science, health sciences, engineering, finance, statistics, and management information systems.
knowledge and practical applications
The courses for the core subjects provide knowledge and practical applications, which in turn give students the ability to understand and interpret documents prepared by their core instructors. These documents include reports, proposals, case studies, Freight Shipping company profiles, technical and process documentation, specifications, test papers, methodologies, and case studies.